C.O.A.T.S. International works in the former Soviet Union, primarily in Russia and Ukraine.  

Today in the Russian orphanage system there are more than 800,000 children.
Of these children living in state-run institutions, it is estimated that nearly 95% have at least one living parent. These children, then, are not orphans in the traditional sense; the government has coined the phrase “social orphan” to describe children whose parents have relinquished their parental rights. In fact, child abandonment in Russia has become such an extreme problem that the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) now runs a program Assistance to Russian Orphans (ARO) “to stop the unprecedented growth in child abandonment.”